According to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), crude oil production in the Gulf of Mexico (GOM) reached an annual record in 2018 at 1.8 mb/d. Crude oil production should continue to rise in 2019 and 2020, in spite of shut-ins related to hurricanes (Hurricane Barry in July 2019 and forecast adjustments for future hurricanes in 2019 and 2020). The production growth should be supported by eight new projects coming online in 2019 and adding about 44,000 b/d in 2019; four more projects with a combined capacity of 190,000 bbl/d are expected in 2020. The average crude oil production should rise to 1.9 mb/d in 2019 and to 2 mb/d in 2020, but offshore production growth should be outpaced by onshore production, leading to a continued erosion of the share of the GOM in the total US crude oil production (around 15% in 2019-2020, compared to 23% in 2011).
According to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), US crude oil exports continued to increase in the first half of 2019, rising to an average of 2.9 mb/d (+50% compared to the same period of 2018) and reaching a record-high monthly average of 3.2 mb/d in June 2019. Canada remained the largest importer of US crude oil (over 450 kb/d, +3% compared to the first half of 2018), whereas exports to China fell by 64% to 248 kb/d over escalating trade tensions. US crude oil exports to other destinations surged, especially in South Korea (+246% to nearly 400 kb/d), India (+114% to over 380 kb/d) and the Netherlands (+192% to over 260 kb/d). Overall, US export to Asian countries grew by 58% (+472 kb/d).
According to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) latest 3D seismic mapping, the Alaska North Slope contains 1,523 bcm (53,800 bcf) of technically recoverable natural gas hydrate (methane ice) resources stored within gas hydrate formations. The resources are located on a depth range of 200-1,200 m. Ressources are assumed to be tackled by using conventional technology. As there are no exploration fields on gas hydrate formation, its commercial viability is unknown.
According to the Australian government, Australia’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reached 538.9 MtCO2eq (+0.6%) for the year to March 2019. The growth is largely due to a 19% increase in LNG exports and to a higher steel and aluminum production. Without the impact of LNG production on emissions (+4.7 MtCO2eq), domestic GHG emissions would have fallen, as the growth in wind and solar power generation contributed to a 2.1% drop in GHG emissions from the power sector. GHG emissions in Australia, which pledged to reduce its emissions by at least 26% from 2005 levels by 2030 under the Paris Climate Accord, stood 11.7% below their 2005 level in the year to March 2019.