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Рост доли возобновляемых источников энергии в энергетическом балансе ЕС в 2000–2019 гг..

Амбициозные программы поддержки возобновляемой энергетики и снижение стоимости соответствующих технологий ведут к росту доли ВИЭ в мировом энергетическом балансе (+1,1 пп)

В 2019 г. доля возобновляемых источников энергии (ВИЭ, включая гидроэнергию) в мировом энергетическом балансе выросла на 1,1 пп почти до 27 %, что соответствует восходящей тенденции, начавшейся в 2000-х.
Этот рост в основном обусловлен запуском новых ветровых и солнечных электростанций, так как с 2000 г. доля гидроэнергии в мировом энергетическом балансе в целом остается на уровне 15 %. Продолжающееся падение стоимости технологий в ветровой и солнечной энергетике и амбициозные программы по борьбе с изменениями климата в ЕС, США, Китае, Индии, Японии и Австралии способствовали увеличению генерирующих мощностей и выработке электроэнергии из возобновляемых источников. Благоприятные гидрологические условия также привели к увеличению выработки электроэнергии из возобновляемых источников в Китае, Индии, Турции, России, Иране и Нигерии.
На долю ВИЭ сегодня приходится 35 % энергетического баланса в ЕС, 27 % в Китае, 21 % в Индии и около 18 % в США, России и Японии.

Global Energy Trends 2020 - Update

New Consolidated Statistics & Estimates integrating COVID 19 impact.

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10
Jun

South Korea’s greenhouse gas emissions declined by 7.3% in 2020

South Korea’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions declined by 7.3% in 2020 to 649 MtCO2eq (i.e. -10.9% compared with the 2018 peak of 729 MtCO2eq). GHG emissions have been driven down by South Korea's energy and industrial sectors (-7.8% and -7.1%, respectively). In the power sector, total emissions decreased by 12.4% due to temporary shutdowns of coal-fired power plants resulting in lower coal-fired power generation and due to an increased renewable power generation. Emissions from the transport sector (included in the energy sector) contracted by 4.1%, owing to reduced travel (COVID-19-related restrictions) and the continuous deployment of low-emission vehicles. Residential emissions grew by only 0.3%, while emissions from business and public sectors fell by 9.9%. In the industrial sector (-7.1%), the reduced activity affected the energy-intensive branches such as chemicals (7.6% drop in GHG emissions), steel (-2.5%) and cement (-8.9%).

Due to the drop in emissions, the South Korean emission trading scheme (ETS) is over-supplied, and the authorities set a temporary price floor for allowances, as the price fell below the government's minimum threshold. However, the average price for allowances increased from KRW29,500/tCO2 (US$25.2/tCO2) in 2019 to KRW30,200/tCO2 (US$25.4/tCO2) in 2020.

01
Jun

Australian GHG emissions decreased by 5% in 2020

Australia's greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions dipped by 5% in 2020 (-26.1 MtCO2eq) to 499 MtCO2eq, according to the Australian Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources. GHG emissions from the power sector declined by 4.9% but still accounted for a third of total GHG emissions in Australia. In addition, fugitive emissions (10% of total GHG emissions in 2020) declined by 8.8%, partly due to a lower coal production, and emissions from transport (18% of total GHG emissions in 2020) contracted by 12.1%, because of COVID-19 restrictions. In 2020, Australia's GHG emissions stood 20.1% below their 2005 level (the baseline year for the Paris Agreement). The country has committed to reduce its emissions by 26-28% by 2030 from 2005 levels.

01
Jun

Renewables accounted for 11% of Dutch final energy consumption in 2020

The share of renewables in the Dutch gross final energy consumption rose from 8.8% in 2019 to 11.1% in 2020, according to Statistics Netherlands (CBS). Most of the renewable consumption was biomass (6% of final energy consumption), followed by wind (2.5%), solar (1.5%) and others (1%).

10
May

EU energy-related CO2 emissions decreased by 10% in 2020

Energy-related CO2 emissions in the European Union contracted by 10% in 2020, as a result of COVID-19 containment measures that had a significant impact on transport and industrial activities. CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion decreased in all countries, with the largest contractions in Greece (-19%), Estonia, Luxembourg (-18% each), Spain (-16%) and Denmark (-15%). They fell by around 9% in Germany (25% of EU's total energy-related CO2 emissions), and by around 11% in Italy (12% of total emissions) and France (11% of total emissions). Emissions cuts were limited in Malta (-1%), Hungary (-1.7%), Ireland and Lithuania (both -2.6%).


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