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Баланс торговли каменным углем и лигнитом

The trade balance is the difference between exports and imports. The balance of a net exporter appears as a negative value (-). The balance of geographic and geopolitical zones is simply the sum of the trade balance of all the countries. Coal and lignite represent all mineral solid fuels. Their calorific values vary very much from hard coal to lignite (national average coefficients are used).

Баланс торговли нефтепродуктами

The trade balance is the difference between exports and imports. The balance of a net exporter appears as a negative value (-). The balance of geographic and geopolitical zones is simply the sum of the trade balance of all the countries. Petroleum products are all liquid hydrocarbons, obtained by the refining of crude oil and NGL and by treatment of natural gas ; in particular, LPG production (Liquid Petroleum Gas) includes LPG from natural gas separation plants. The alcohol used as motor fuel in Brazil as well as fuels derived from coal in South Africa are not included in oil products.

Баланс торговли природным газом

The trade balance is the difference between exports and imports. The balance of a net exporter appears as a negative value (-). The balance of geographic and geopolitical zones is simply the sum of the trade balance of all the countries. Natural gas is mainly made of methane (CH4). It is marketed after separation of the liquid fractions. The calorific power of natural gas varies according to its methane concentration. The standard coefficient used by Enerdata is: 0.82 toe/m3, for important countries national coefficients are used.

Баланс торговли сырой нефтью

The trade balance is the difference between exports and imports. The balance of a net exporter appears as a negative value (-). The balance of geographic and geopolitical zones is simply the sum of the trade balance of all the countries. Crude oil includes all liquid hydrocarbons to be refined: crude oil, liquids from natural gas (Natural Gas Liquid or NGL) and semi-refined products.

Баланс торговли электроэнергией

The trade balance is the difference between exports and imports. The balance of a net exporter appears as a negative value (-). The balance of geographic and geopolitical zones is simply the sum of the trade balance of all the countries. Electricity corresponds to the electricity produced and transported for commercial purposes, used by ad-hoc devices.

Внутреннее потребление каменного угля и лигнита

Consumption (or domestic supply) is the balance of production, external trade and stock changes. Coal and lignite represent all mineral solid fuels. Their calorific values vary very much from hard coal to lignite (national average coefficients are used).

Внутреннее потребление нефтепродуктов

Consumption (or domestic supply) is the balance of production, external trade and stock changes. Marine bunkers are excluded for countries. They are included at the world level. Consumption is mainly divided between power plants, industry, transport and the residential and tertiary sectors, one part is used or lost in the energy transformation. Petroleum products are all liquid hydrocarbons, obtained by the refining of crude oil and NGL and by treatment of natural gas ; in particular, LPG production (Liquid Petroleum Gas) includes LPG from natural gas separation plants. The alcohol used as motor fuel in Brazil as well as fuels derived from coal in South Africa are not included in oil products.

Внутреннее потребление природного газа

Consumption (or domestic supply) is the balance of production, external trade and stock changes. Natural gas is mainly made of methane (CH4). It is marketed after separation of the liquid fractions. The calorific power of natural gas varies according to its methane concentration. The standard coefficient used by Enerdata is: 0.82 toe/m3, for important countries national coefficients are used.

Внутреннее потребление электроэнергии

Consumption (or domestic supply) is the balance of production and external trade. They are included at the world level. It is mainly divided between power plants, industry, transport and the residential and tertiary sectors, one part is used or lost in the energy transformation. Electricity corresponds to the electricity produced and transported for commercial purposes, used by ad-hoc devices.

Выбросы CO2 от сжигания топлива

CO2 emissions cover only the emissions from fossil fuels combustion (coal, oil and gas) by sector. They are calculated according to the UNFCCC methodology (in line with the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories).

Добыча каменного угля и лигнита

Coal production corresponds to gross production. Coal and lignite represent all mineral solid fuels. Their calorific values vary very much from hard coal to lignite (national average coefficients are used).

Добыча природного газа

Natural gas production corresponds to the marketed production (i.e. excluding quantities flared or reinjected). Natural gas is mainly made of methane (CH4). It is marketed after separation of the liquid fractions. The calorific power of natural gas varies according to its methane concentration. The standard coefficient used by Enerdata is: 0.82 toe/m3, for important countries national coefficients are used.

Добыча сырой нефти

Crude oil production corresponds to gross production. Crude oil includes all liquid hydrocarbons to be refined: crude oil, liquids from natural gas (Natural Gas Liquid or NGL) and semi-refined products.

Доля ветровой и солнечной энергии в производстве электроэнергии

Electricity produced from wind and solar energy divided by the total electricity production.

Доля возобновляемых источников энергии в производстве электроэнергии

Ratio between the electricity production from renewable energies (hydro, wind, geothermal and solar) and the total electricity production. Electricity corresponds to the electricity produced and transported for commercial purposes, used by ad-hoc devices.

Доля электроэнергии в общем конечном энергопотреблении

Share of electricity in total final energy consumption.

Интенсивность выбросов CO2 при постоянном паритете покупательной способности

CO2 intensity is the ratio of CO2 emissions from fuel combustion over Gross Domestic Product (GDP). It measures the CO2 emitted to generate one unit of GDP. GDP is expressed at constant exchange rate and purchasing power parity to remove the impact of inflation and reflect differences in general price levels and relate energy consumption to the real level of economic activity. Using purchasing power parity rates for GDP instead of exchange rates increases the value of GDP in regions with a low cost of living, and therefore decreases their CO2 intensities. CO2 emissions cover only the emissions for fossil fuels combustion (coal, oil and gas).

Интенсивность использования энергии на единицу ВВП при постоянном паритете покупательной способности (ППП)

The energy intensity is calculated by dividing the total energy consumption of a country by its Gross Domestic Product (GDP). It measures the total amount of energy necessary to generate one unit of GDP. Total energy consumption includes coal, gas, oil, electricity, heat and biomass. GDP is expressed at constant exchange rate and purchasing power parity to remove the impact of inflation and reflect differences in general price levels and relate energy consumption to the real level of economic activity. Using purchasing power parity rates for GDP instead of exchange rates increases the value of GDP in regions with a low cost of living, and therefore decreases their energy intensities.

Общее потребление электроэнергии

For each energy product, it is the sum of primary production, external trade, marine bunkers (fuel used by boats and aircraft for international transport) and stock variations. For the world, marine bunkers are included. This induces a gap with the sum of regions. Total energy includes coal, gas, oil, electricity, heat and biomass.

Общее производство энергии

The primary production evaluates the quantity of natural energy resources ("primary energy sources") extracted or produced. It includes coal, gas, oil, electricity, heat and biomass production. For natural gas, the quantities flared or reinjected are excluded. Production of hydro, geothermal, nuclear and wind electricity is considered as primary production.

Производство нефтепродуктов

Petroleum products are all liquid hydrocarbons, obtained by the refining of crude oil and NGL and by treatment of natural gas ; in particular, LPG production (Liquid Petroleum Gas) includes LPG from natural gas separation plants. The alcohol used as motor fuel in Brazil as well as fuels derived from coal in South Africa are not included in oil products.

Производство электроэнергии

Electricity production corresponds to gross production. It includes the public production (production of private and public electricity utilities) and the autoproducers, by any type of power plants (including cogeneration). Electricity corresponds to the electricity produced and transported for commercial purposes, used by ad-hoc devices.

Средний коэффициент выброса CO2

The average CO2 emission factor (carbon factor) is calculated doing the ratio between CO2 emissions over primary energy consumption.

Торговый баланс СПГ

The trade balance is the difference between exports and imports. The balance of a net exporter appears as a negative value (-). The balance of geographic and geopolitical zones is simply the sum of the trade balance of all the countries. LNG (liquefied natural gas) is natural gas, mainly made of methane (CH4), that is cooled down at -160°C to become liquid and non-corrosive, and to reduce its volume by around 600 times. LNG can thus be stored in tanks and can be easily transported by ship instead of gas pipelines, increasing the flexibility of global gas trade.

Энергетический внешнеторговый баланс

The trade balance is the difference between imports and exports. The balance of a net exporter appears as a negative value (-). The balance of geographic and geopolitical zones is simply the sum of the trade balance of all the countries. Total energy includes coal, gas, oil, electricity, heat and biomass.

Глобальные энергетические тенденции - издание 2021 года

Консолидированная статистика энергопотребления и выбросов за 2020 год и оценочные данные 2021, включая влияние COVID-19 и структурные изменения

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Global Energy & CO2 Data

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21

Jan

According to Trade Statistics of Japan, Japanese LNG imports declined by 0.2% in 2021 to 74 Mt. In 2020, Japan was the world's largest LNG importer, accounting for around 20% of global imports. However, LNG imports have been declining since 2017 and are now estimated to be lower than China's LNG imports, that grew by nearly 19% in 2021 according to preliminary statistics, making China the largest LNG importer worldwide in 2021.

21

Jan

Renewables accounted for 22.1% of the European Union's gross final energy consumption in 2020, compared to 17.4% in 2015, according to Eurostat. The regional bloc targeted 20% of renewables in gross final energy consumption by 2020. Sweden had by far the highest share among the EU Member States in 2020 (60.1%), followed by Finland (43.8%), Latvia (42.1%), Austria (36.5%) and Portugal (34%). The lowest proportions of renewables were recorded in Malta (10.7%), Luxembourg (11.7%), Belgium (13%) and Hungary (13.9%). France was the only country that missed its 2020 national goal for renewables of 23% with 19.1%. In addition, the share of renewables in electricity consumption rose to 37.5% in 2020 in the EU; they accounted for 23.1% of total energy use for heating and cooling and for 10.2% for transport.

21

Jan

Renewables accounted for 13% of Argentina's power mix in 2021, compared to 10% in 2020, according to the country's Secretary of Energy. Argentina commissioned 26 large-scale renewable projects in 2021, adding 1,005 MW to its national grid. New capacity additions in 2021, which increased by 24% compared to 2020, were mostly wind (42%), bioenergy (31%), solar photovoltaic (PV) (15%) and small hydro (12%); they represented 97% of the new capacity additions in 2021.

18

Jan

Renewables accounted for 11.5% of Indonesia's energy mix in 2021, according to the country's Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM). Indonesia was expected to reach a 14.5% target of renewables in its energy mix by 2021 as in its National General Energy Planning (RUEN) roadmap for that year. The national energy policy revision (Regulation No. 79/2014) sets a target of 23% of renewables in the total primary energy supply by 2025 (excluding traditional biomass). In addition, Indonesia added only 655 MW of renewables capacity in 2021, compared to an objective of 855 MW.