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A record volume of 567 TWh was traded on the European Power Exchange (EPEX SPOT) in 2018; this amount is 16% higher than in 2017. It represents an all-time high of annual traded volumes and even breaks the 2015 record, when 566 TWh were traded. In France, trade volumes reached 120 TWh, a number even higher than the 2016 record of 115 TWh. Significant volumes were traded in the United Kingdom (nearly 69 TWh, +4.8%), the Netherlands (39.5 TWh, +14%), Switzerland (nearly 25 TWh) and Belgium (27 TWh, +42.7%). In 2018, the Germany-Luxembourg-Austria bidding zone was split in two separate market areas with two respective spot power price indices; the day ahead market volumes remained stable and the German intraday market posted a 13% growth.
Russian independent oil and gas producer Novatek has produced 548 mboe of hydrocarbons in 2018, including nearly 69 bcm of natural gas (+8.5%) and 11.8 Mt of liquids (including both crude oil and condensate, +0.2%). This represents an increase of 35 mboe (+6.9%) compared with the previous year.
According to the United States Energy Information Administration (EIA), the current US natural gas market trends are expected to continue throughout 2019 and 2020. In particular, US domestic gas production is expected to rise from an estimated 83.3 bcf/d (858 bcm/year) in 2018 to approximately 90.2 bcf/d (929 bcm/year, +8.3%) in 2019 and 92.2 bcf/d (950 bcm/year, +2.2%) in 2020. The bulk of the production and takeaway capacity increases are predicted to come from the highly productive Appalachian and Permian basins regions.
According to the United States Energy Information Administration (EIA), global benchmark brent crude oil prices are predicted to average US$61/bbl in 2019 and US$65/bbl in 2020, which is higher than the prices recorded at the end of 2018 but lower than the 2018 overall average of US$71/bbl. As a result, regular retail gasoline prices in the United States will decline in 2019 and increase in 2020, as a US$1/bbl change in the price of crude oil generally translates in the price of petroleum products such as gasoline.